Homelessness is more than rough sleeping. Rough sleeping is the tip of the iceberg there are many other people ‘hidden’ in temporary or unsuitable accommodation.
Rough sleeping is the most visible type of homelessness but it is just a tip of an iceberg.
Many thousands of people are sleeping in cars, sofa surfing or are staying in emergency or temporary accommodation every night. These people are experiencing homelessness but they are hidden (called the hidden homeless).
There are structural and individual factors that can cause homelessness but research has shown, repeatedly, the structural issues are more likely to cause homelessness. The structural factors include poverty, welfare policies and the shortage of affordable accommodation.